Republican African American Officeholders during the Reconstruction
Many scholars have identified more than 1,500 African American officeholders during the Reconstruction period (1865–1876). All were Republicans. However, Canter Brown, Jr. makes the salient point that, in some states (such as Florida), the highest number of African Americans were elected or appointed to offices after 1876, after Reconstruction. The following is a partial list some of the most notable of the officeholders pre-1900.
- Blanche K. Bruce, U.S. Senator from Mississippi.
- Tunis Campbell, State Senator from Georgia.
- Oscar James Dunn, Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana 1868-1871, First African-American elected to a state level position in the United States.
- Robert B. Elliott, State House lawmaker, and U.S. Representative from South Carolina.
- Mifflin Wistar Gibbs, Arkansas, judge, younger brother of Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs.
- John R. Lynch, Mississippi House of Representatives, elected to U.S. House of Representatives.
- John Mercer Langston, first African-American elected to the U.S. Congress from Virginia. First African-American to hold elected office in U.S. History (Township Clerk in Ohio).
- Samuel A. McElwee, member of the Tennessee General Assembly from 1883 to 1888.
- John Willis Menard, first African American elected to the U.S. Congress (denied his seat)
- P.B.S. Pinchback, governor of Louisiana
- Joseph Hayne Rainey, U.S. Representative from South Carolina, member of the South Carolina Senate. First African American elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.
- James T. Rapier, United States House of Representatives.
- Hiram Revels, U.S. Senator from Mississippi. First African American elected to the either house of Congress.
- Robert Smalls, South Carolina Representative, South Carolina Senator, U.S. Representative
- Josiah T. Walls, U.S. Representative